Briand, Aristide

(1862-1932)
   statesman, Nobel laureate
   The editor of l'humanité and a Nobel laureate, Aristide Briand was born in Nantes and educated in law at Paris. Secretary-general of the French Socialist Party, he was elected to the Chamber of Deputies in 1902 and was one of the legislators responsible for the Law of separation of Church and state, passed in 1905. By 1906, Briand had left the Socialist Party (after the Amsterdam Conference) and became minister of education and religion, the first of 26 ministries, including 11 premierships, that he would eventually hold. As premier in 1909, he was responsible for the controversial use of force in the suppression of a railway strike. From 1915 to 1917, he headed a wartime coalition government and also directed the Foreign Ministry, organizing the campaigns in Salonika and the Balkans. In 1929, Briand formed a new government and represented France at the Washington Conference. He also urged a postwar policy of conciliation with Germany. Briand resigned a year later, but in 1925, again as foreign minister, he was instrumental in achieving the Locarno security treaty. In 1926, he shared the Nobel Peace Prize with Gustave stresemann, the foreign minister of Germany. Briand, who enjoyed one of the longest ministerial careers of the third republic, served as premier again in 1925 and 1926, and as foreign minister from 1926 to 1932. In that capacity, he drafted and sponsored the Kellogg-Briand Pact, aimed at outlawing war. Briand was defeated for the presidency in 1931.

France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present . 1884.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Briand, Aristide — (1862–1932)    A French politician and statesman, Aristide Briand started his career in the French Socialist Party, associating himself with the most advanced movements. In 1894, Briand persuaded the trade unions to adopt general strike as a… …   Encyclopedia of the Age of Imperialism, 1800–1914

  • Briand, Aristide — born March 28, 1862, Nantes, France died March 7, 1932, Paris French statesman. He became secretary general of the French Socialist Party in 1901 and served in the Chamber of Deputies (1902–32). Between 1909 and 1929 he served 11 times as premier …   Universalium

  • Briand, Aristide — ► (1862 1932) Político socialista francés. Agitador revolucionario en su juventud. Director de La Lanterne y cofundador, con Jaurès, de L´Humanité. Fue premio Nobel de la Paz en 1926, compartido con G. Stresemann. * * * (28 mar. 1862, Nantes,… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Briand,Aristide — Bri·and (brē ändʹ, äɴʹ), Aristide. 1862 1932. French politician who became prime minister for the first of 11 times in 1909. As foreign minister he was the chief architect of the Locarno Pact (1925), which guaranteed the borders of Belgium,… …   Universalium

  • Aristide Briand — Mandats 41e, 45e, 50e, 56e, 61e et 65e président du Conseil 24 juillet& …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Aristide Briant — Aristide Briand Aristide Briand Aristide Briand Naissance 28 mars 1862 Nantes, France Dé …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Aristide Briand — (* 28. März 1862 in Nantes, Frankreich; † 7. März 1932 in Paris) war ein französischer Politiker. Briand bekleidete zwischen 1909 und 1932 mit Unterbrechungen wechselnd die Ämter des französischen Ministerprä …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Aristide Briand — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Aristide Briand (n. Nantes, 28 de marzo de 1862 † París, 7 de marzo de 1932), político francés considerado uno de los precursores de la unidad europea. En 1930 elaboró el Memorando Briand, una propuesta generalizada… …   Wikipedia Español

  • BRIAND (A.) — BRIAND ARISTIDE (1862 1932) De famille modeste, Aristide Briand devient avocat. Comme militant socialiste, puis comme journaliste, il se fait une réputation de révolutionnaire. En 1883, il quitte Nantes et vient à Paris. Secrétaire général du… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Briand — is a surname, and may refer to:* Anne Briand * Aristide Briand * Ben Briand * Denis Briand * Jean Olivier Briand * Jimmy Briand * Ludwig Briand * Pascal Briand …   Wikipedia

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